The study maps out residents of the Negev by population group, type of settlement, household structure, and more. The study finds that the population of the South, particularly the Arab population, has been growing at a faster rate than the rest of the country, and that positive migration to the South now largely offsets negative migration from the region. In addition, the share of those with an academic degree in the South is rising and educational inequality between Jews and Arabs is rapidly declining. The study also finds that, in general, residents of the South express higher economic satisfaction than residents in other regions of the country and are less likely to leave the region. However, the residents also indicate a lack of satisfaction with the state of local infrastructure, and gaps in education and employment remain between the Southern District and other parts of the country.