The second half of the 1990s has been under the sign of a slowdown in terms of budget growth and system expansion. This slowdown should be viewed against the backdrop of the retreat and cutbacks in other social services, on the one hand, and the protracted economic slump, on the other hand.
This year the education chapter focuses on the accelerating expansion of post-secondary and higher education. Our point of departure is post-primary education, especially the transition stage between it and higher education – the matriculation examinations – which must be passed in order to be eligible for the future possibilities available to graduates of the formal education system. The chapter begins with an analysis of the fiscal resources available to the education system and then reviews the system’s non-financial development as a preface to discussion of issues in higher education.
This paper appears as a chapter in the Center’s annual publication, Israel’s Social Services 1998-99, Yaakov Kop (editor).